1. Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Tomás Antonio Gonzaga, one of the “Inconfidentes” (rebels) was a poet and also a distant relation of Chiquinha Gonzaga. This attempt of independence, in 1789, the “Inconfidência Mineira” failed, but the inconfidentes are revered in Brazilian history. Tomás Antonio Gonzaga was also a poet, and known for his poem: “Marilia de Dirceu.”
Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais. Place of “Inconfidência Mineira”, conspiracy for Independence from Portugal.
2. SBAT: Sociedade Brasileira de Autores Teatrais. (Society of Brazilian Theatrical Authors). Fransisca “Chiquinha” Gonzaga and other composers and writers founded this organization in 1917 to protect the rights of composers and bookwriters/librettists who worked in musical theatre. The organization still exists today and the original and main site is located in the Centro in Rio de Janeiro. There are also other branches in cities around Brazil. http://www.casadoautorbrasileiro.com.br/sbat
Bust of Chiquinha Gonzaga in SBAT.
SBAT: Sociedade Brasileira de Autores Teatrais.
3.Confeitaria Colombo. Confeitarias were popular during the late 19th century and also the early 20th century. Chiquinha and other musicians often played in the confeitarias. http://www.confeitariacolombo.com.br/site/
2nd floor tea room at Confeitaria Colombo in CENTRO, Rio.
Some of the sweets you can get at Colombo!
Rua Gonçalves Dias, 32 / Centro – Rio de Janeiro Tel.: 21 2505.1500
People waiting on line to get a table in the downstairs tea room.
4. Paço Imperial:
Paço Imperial–public domain photo from Wikipedia Commons
this is the place where the Emperor and Princess isabel reigned before Brazil became a Republic, and when Rio de Janeiro was the capital of the country. Chiquinha Gonzaga and others involved in politics, would have mobilized outside this structure. The “Lei Aurea” (Emancipation of Slaves in 1888) was signed in this building.
5. Rua do Ouvidor. This street still exists in Rio de Janeiro. It was one of the few not removed or enlarged by the Pereira Passos’ reforms in the early 20th century. It is like a small slice of life, of “street”, rua or alma (soul) from that period in a confusing conglomeration of streets and avenues in the Centro today.
Rua do Ouvidor in Rio de Janeiro. Public Domain.
6. Instituto Moreira Salles or IMS. The IMS in Rio de Janeiro is located in the Zona Sul in Gávea. This was an important stop for me because they house archives of many important works, including the papers and scores of Chiquinha Gonzaga. You can visit the café, gardens, exhibitions or the archives. I also met my Brazilian roommate, Díonisia at the café in IMS. I rented a room in Dionísia’s apartment, at the time she lived in Leblon, when I studied at PUC-Rio in Gávea. Dionísia had never been to the IMS in spite of living in Leblon and later in Barra, which are not far from Gávea. A retired dancer, choreographer and dance ethnographer, she was just as delighted with the surroundings as I was! It is a tranquil, lovely and artistic place. I was able to see digitized, original scores and notes from Chiquinha’s musical theatre works, Bota do diabo and Dama de ouros. http://ims.uol.com.br/Home/D1
7. Theatro Municipal. The Theatro Municipal in Rio de Janeiro was erected during the Pereira Passos’ Reforms. This building is absolutely breathtaking–inside and out. In addition to a tour of the inside of the theatre, I also had the pleasure of attending, “Il Turco in Italia,” which was performed in concert. My friend and colleague, Brazilian baritone Igor Vieira, stood out among the cast of local opera singers. Even in a concert version, Igor brought to life the character, vocally and dramatically. The miniseries “Chiquinha Gonzaga” uses the Theatro Municipal as a back-drop. It is a “play within a play” and the elderly Chiquinha watches a play of her life at the Theatro Municipal. http://www.theatromunicipal.rj.gov.br/
Theatro Municipal, RJ at night, illuminated. Photo by C. Mann
Interior of Theatro Municipal, RJ (photo by C. Mann)
8.Academia Brasileira de Letras. I attended a round-table here. Although this organization was not founded until the 20th century, late in Chiquinha’s life, she was influenced by (and knew some of) Brazil’s great writers. http://www.academia.org.br/abl/cgi/cgilua.exe/sys/start.htm?tpl=home
9. Forrobodó! Chiquinha Gonzaga’s most famous musical. Revived at the Teatro Ginástica with the addition of 20th century sambas and songs. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LUvWSLi6Qeg
Set of Forrobodó.